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, DMG ḥiṣān ʿarabī) is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula.With a distinctive head shape and high tail carriage, the Arabian is one of the most easily recognizable horse breeds in the world.It is also one of the oldest breeds, with archaeological evidence of horses in the Middle East that resemble modern Arabians dating back 4,500 years.Throughout history, Arabian horses have spread around the world by both war and trade, used to improve other breeds by adding speed, refinement, endurance, and strong bone.Thus, the hip angle is not necessarily correlated to the topline of the croup.
They are one of the top ten most popular horse breeds in the world.
Another breed characteristic is an arched neck with a large, well-set windpipe set on a refined, clean throatlatch.
This structure of the poll and throatlatch was called the mitbah or mitbeh by the Bedouin.
Selective breeding for traits including an ability to form a cooperative relationship with humans created a horse breed that is good-natured, quick to learn, and willing to please.
The Arabian also developed the high spirit and alertness needed in a horse used for raiding and war.