California law for minors dating adults
The term underage often refers to those under the age of majority, but it may also refer to persons under a certain age limit, such as the drinking age, smoking age, age of consent, marriageable age, driving age, voting age, etc.
Such age limits are often different from the age of majority.
In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood.
The age of majority depends upon jurisdiction and application, but it is generally 18 or 21.
Minor may also be used in contexts that are unconnected to the overall age of majority.
For example, the drinking age in the United States is usually 21, and younger people are sometimes called minors in the context of alcohol law, even if they are at least 18.
Driving certain large vehicles, acting as personal license holder for licensed premises, and adopting a child are only permitted after the age of 21.
The minimum age to drive a HGV1 vehicle was reduced to 18.
The rules on minimum age for sale of these products are frequently broken so in practice drinking and smoking takes place before the age of majority; however many UK shops are tightening restrictions on them by asking for identifying documentation from potentially underage customers.
These laws, however, have been challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union.
An estimated 250,000 youth are tried, sentenced, or incarcerated as adults every year across the United States.
A minor is restricted from doing juristic acts—for example, sign contracts.
When a minor wishes to do a juristic act, he has to obtain the consent from his legal representative, usually (but not always) the parents and otherwise the act is voidable.